Table 1.

Total number of butterfly individuals and species counted on treatment units. Data are totals of 5 census counts.

Common SpeciesHandcuttingMowingMowing plus herbicideStem-FoliageFoliageTotal
Number of Individuals
Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)3237312947176
Little Wood-Satyr (Megisto cymela)2047223720146
Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyaria cybele)2124233016114
Eastern Tailed-Blue (Everes comyntas)511220341
European Skipper (Thymelicus lineola)4470924
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)6732523
Meadow Fritillary (Beloria bellona)4362419
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)4234316
Peck’s Skipper (Polites peckius)2712113
Dun Skipper (Euphyes vestris)0246113
Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes horos)1611211
Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)620109
Spring Azure (Celastrinus argiolus)110338
Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus)203409
Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)101417
Number of common individuals109143117145115629
Number of common species141313141315
Painted Lady (Vanessa virginiensis)010304
American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)001012
Common Wood Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)100001
Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)021003
Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)000101
Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma)001012
Gray Hairstreak (Stryon melinus)010001
Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)001001
Hobomok Skipper (Poanes hobomok)003115
Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvnealis)200002
Least Skipper (Ancyloxypha numitor)010023
Little Glassywing (Pompeius verna)102306
Monarch (Danaus plexippus)100001
Mulberry Wing (Poanes massasoit)000011
Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)120014
Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes pathyllus)001001
Viceroy (Limenitis archippus)112105
Number of infrequent individuals781297
Number of infrequent species6685617
Total number of individuals116151129154122672
Total number of all species201921191932