Table 1.

Growth of large (8.4-cm caliper) and 2 vigor classes of small (3.6-cm caliper) red oak trees following transplanting. Untransplanted small trees were included as a control.

Shoot length (cm)Leaf area (cm2)Height (m)Trunk caliper (m)
Large caliper15.6 a2.6 c6.3 b41.8 b41.2b65.1 b5.5 a5.3 a6.7 a6.9 a8.4 a9.4 a11.2 a12.3 a
Small caliper low vigor6.3 b7.4 b25.7 a50.0 b67.4 a107.6 a2.9 b3.0 b4.5 b5.0 b3.6 c5.1 b6.0 c6.7 b
Small caliper high vigor7.3 b7.7 b13.1 b47.6 b60.4 ab108.9 a3.2 b3.2b4.4 b4.9 b3.6 c4.5 b5.6 c7.0 b
Small-caliper untransplanted control trees6.6 b39.1 a31.3 a83.9 a85.2 a101.4 a3.4 b3.5 b4.3 b4.7 b4.3 b6.0 b7.8 b9.8 ab
  • Large trees averaged 8.4 cm in trunk caliper where transplanted; small-caliper trees averaged 3.6 cm in trunk caliper. Low-vigor trees averaged 1 m in height when lined out in 1992, whereas high-vigor trees averaged 2 m in height.

  • Each value is the mean of 5 lateral shoots per plant. Means within a column followed by different letters are significantly different from each other at a = 0.05 level using the Student-Newman-Kuels test.

  • Each value is the mean of 5 leaves per plant.

  • Height and caliper values are the average of 12 plants per treatment in 1996, except for small-caliper untransplanted trees, where there were 5 trees. In 1997 and 1998, the values for the large trees are the average of the 5 surviving trees.