Table 5.

Influence of the presence or absence of covenants, codes, and restrictions (CC&Rs) that control landscape activities on residential homeowner landscape perceptions, preferences, and activities in Phoenix, Arizona.

Do homeowners hire a local landscape firm to maintain their landscapes?
Landscape maintenanceCC&RNo CC&R
Maintained by landscape firm35%25%
Self maintained65%75%
Overall, do homeowners have a preference for landscape appearance?
Landscape appearanceCC&RNo CC&R
Neat and formal34%37%
Natural and informal62%58%
Don’t care4%5%
Do homeowners perceive that their landscape was similar to their neighbors?
Landscape mimicryCC&RNo CC&R
Very similar37%28%
Somewhat different15%13%
Completely different8%16%