Table 1.

Effect of soil management techniques on and plant height (cm), trunk diameter (cm), and shoot length of Aesculus × carnea.z

ParameterYearPine barkCompostControlP
Height increment (cm)2004–2005  3.28 ab  5.76 a  1.54 b*
Total height increment (cm)2004–200636.2344.5735.29NS
Diameter increment (mm)2004–200511.89 b18.11 a12.69 b*
Total diameter increment (mm)2004–200741.57 b51.16 a42.9 b**
Shoot length (cm)2005  9.57 b13.94 a13.72 a**
200754.72 b62.6 a55.34 b**
  • zData are reported as means and subjected to analysis of variance. Different letters within the same row indicate statistical differences at P ≤ 0.05 (*) or P ≤ 0.01 (**) using Duncan test.

  • NS = nonsignificant.