Shoot elongation (cm) | 1st year | 52.5 b | 80.8 a | 82.9 a |

| 2nd year | 44.11 b | 67.77 a | 71.02 a |

| 3rd year | 31.37 b | 38.83 ab | 45.37 a |

Trunk diameter at 130 cm | 1st year | 1.4 c | 1.7 b | 2.1 a |

| 2nd year | 3.42 b | 3.91 b | 4.42 a |

| 3rd year | 4.95 c | 5.59 b | 6.37 a |

Plant height (m) | 1st year | 3.40 c | 4.34 ab | 4.65 a |

| 2nd year | 5.24 c | 5.77 b | 6.23 a |

Leaf area (cm) | 1st year | 28.61 a | 28.72 a | 31.96 a |

| 2nd year | 31.07 a | 31.34 a | 33.23 a |

| 3rd year | 28.46 a | 30.39 a | 31.53 a |

Leaf number/plant | 1st year | 344.82 b | 376.96 b | 586.58 a |

Total leaf area/plant (m^{2}) | 1st year | 0.98 b | 1.08 b | 1.87 a |

LMA (g/m^{2}) | 1st year | 84.9 a | 94.7 a | 99.9 a |

| 2nd year | 79 a | 75 a | 77 a |

| 3rd year | 113.7 a | 113.9 a | 115.6 a |

Pruning weight (g) | 2nd year | 228.77 b | 467.62 a | 484.68 a |

Pn on whole plant basis (g hour^{−1}) | 1st year | 0.42 b | 0.45 b | 0.67 a |

Leaf greenness index (SPAD units) | 1st year | 39.8 b | 44.4 a | 45.7 a |

| 2nd year | 47.2 b | 50.0 a | 50.1 a |

| 3rd year | 49.7 a | 48.4 a | 50.0 a |