Table 6.

Contingency tables for evaluations of removal and reduction cuts, including whether participants who received classroom or hands-on training (a) did not damage the branch bark ridge, (b) did not damage the branch collar on removal cuts or cut at too steep an angle on reduction cuts, (c) did not leave a stub on removal cuts or cut too shallow on reduction cuts, and (d) made a satisfactory cut overall; P-values are from Fisher’s Exact Test; data are pooled from all 3 cities.

RemovalReduction
TrainingAcceptableUnacceptableTotalAcceptableUnacceptableTotal
(a)Classroom1912018220
Hands-on2332624226
Total4244642446
P-value0.4350.783
(b)Classroom1552016420
Hands-on2422624226
Total3974640646
P-value0.1050.219
(c)Classroom1732014620
Hands-on2512626026
Total4244640646
P-value0.1830.003
(d)Classroom1642015520
Hands-on2332623326
Total3974638846
P-value0.4280.232