Table 6.

Results from the multi- and univariate means analyses between selected tree-habitat characteristics and street side (north/south) of the Bloor Street trees, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with significant values in bold (analyses performed on subsample, n = 57, except otherwise indicated).

VariableMean of rating (±margin of error)MANOVAMeans analysis (P-value)z
NorthSouthFP-valueOne-way ANOVATwo-tailed t-testMann-Whitney test
Sunlight average (hr)4.82 (±0.13)2.19 (±0.13)208.72<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Sunlight on 21 March (hr)2.40(±0.19)0.79 (±0.14)45.46<0.001<0.001y<0.001<0.001
Sunlight on 21 June (hr)4.46 (±0.24)6.07 (±0.29)18.57<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Sunlight range (hr)4.82 (±0.236)2.83 (±0.20)41.06<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
  • z Analysis performed on full data set (n = 133).

  • y Significant for Levene’s test, P < 0.05.