Example of a Typical Entry:

Pest Species: Schlzura concinna (Smith) (red-humped caterpillar)Lepidoptera: Notodontidae
Natural EnemiesType of natural enemy1Order: FamilyReference code2
Actia pilipennis Robineau-DesvoidyPrDiptera: TachinidaeW2
Apanteles sp.PrHymenoptera: BraconidaeV2
Apantθles schizurae AshmeadPrHymenoptera: BraconidaeP4
Apanteles nigrorufus NortonPrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeS2
Bacillus thuringiensis BerlinerPtEubacteriales: BacillaceaeP4
Campoplex guignardii (Say)PrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeT5.1
Campoplex oedemas?ae AshmeadPrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeB11
Chrysopa carnea StephensPdNeuroptera: ChrysopidaeP4
Compsilura concìnnata MeigenPrDiptera: TachinidaeW4
Enicospilus purgatus (Say)PrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeT5.1
Enicospilus purgatus arcuatus (Say)PrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeS2
Eulimnerium sp.PrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeV2
Eulimnerium validum CressonPrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeW4
Exorista larvarum (Linneaus)PrDiptera: TachinidaeS2
Gymnophthalma (Actia) americana (Townsend)PrDiptera: TachinidaeW4,S2
Hyposoter clisiocampe WeedPrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeS2
Hyposoter fugitivus (Say)PrHymenoptera: IchneumonidaeS2,W4
Microgaster schizurae (Muesbeck)PrHymenoptera: BraconidaeM13
Phorocera claripennis MacquartPrDiptera: TachinidaeW4,S2
Phorocera erecta CoquillettPrDiptera: TachinidaeW4
Winthemia datanae (Townsend)PrDiptera: TachinidaeS2
Winthemia quadripustulata (Fabricius)PrDiptera: TachinidaeW4
  • 1 PR = parasite, Pd = predator, Pt = pathogen, and 2°Pr = secondary parasite

  • 2 B11 Brewer, M., K. Nauman. 1971. On the biology of Parasierolla nigrifemur (Bethylidae), larval ectoparasite of fìhyacionia buollana. Acto. Zool.: Lilloana 26(11): 159-178.

    M13 Muesbeck, C.F.W. et. al. 1951. Hymenoptera of American North of Mexico-Synoptic Catalog. USDA Monogr. 2.

    P4 Pinnock, D.E., R.J. Brand, J.E. Milstead, N.F. Coe. 1974a. Suppression of populations of Aphis gossypii and A. spiraecola by soap sprays. J. Econ. Ent. 67(6): 783-784.

    S2 Schaffner, J.V., C.L. Griswold. 1934. Macrolepidoptera and their parasites reared from collections in the northeastern U.S. USDA Misc. Publ. 188.

    T5.1 Treherne, R.C. 1915. A preliminary list of parasitic insects known to occur in Canada. 46th Ann. Rep. Ent. Soc. Ontario, Toronto, pp. 178-193.

    V2 Vosler, E.J. 1913. The red-humped caterpillar. Monthly Bull. State Comm. Hort. Sacramento 2(9): 654-657.

    W2 Walton, W.R. 1914. Four new species of Tachinidae from North America. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 14(2): 90-95.

    W4 Webber, R.T., J.V. Schaffner. 1926. Host relations of Compsilura concinnata Meig., an important Tachinid parasite of the gypsy moth and the brown-tailed moth. USCA Dept. Bull. 1363.